This page, when complete, will be a reference of all the ultra-obscure words in the books of The Wheel of Time. Not just words of the Old Tongue, but also Aiel terms (which, I suspect, are derived from the Old Tongue anyway), the few Trolloc words we know, and anything else I come across.
Note 1: Parenthetical defenitions are given for those words which have no direct translation. For words with translations, only that translation is given.
Note 2: Aiel terms will be included within the Old Tongue listing, but will be noted as Aiel terms if used exclusively as such. The same goes for Seanchan terms, also derived from the Old Tongue.
Note 3: Some terms listed are not explicitly defined, but derived from usage in phrases. For example, "Caldazar", the Red Eagle of Manetheren, and "Far Aldazar Din", the Brothers of the Eagle, lead to 'dazar' meaning 'eagle'.
a'dam (Seanchan) - (The Leash which leashes the damane)
a'vron - watchers
aan'allein - One Man; The Man Who Is an Entire People
Aes Sedai - Servants of All
Aethan Dor (Aiel) - Red Shields
Aiel - Dedicated (suggests extreme emphasis)
ajah (old definition) - "an informal and temporary group of people gathered together for a common purpose or goal, or by a common set of beliefs"
This definition was changed early in the Third Age to "a sisterhood of Aes Sedai", the definition which holds to the present day
Al'Cair Dal - The Golden Bowl
Al'cair'rahienallen - Hill of the Golden Dawn
alantin - brother
aldieb - westwind
algai'd'siswai (Aiel) - spear fighters
angreal - (an instrument from the Age of Legends used to augment the amount of the One Power a channeler can draw upon)
aran'gar - right-hand sha'je dagger
asha'man - guardian; defender of a hopeless cause
ashandarei - (Mat Cauthon's sword-spear)
atha'an - people (used when referring to a people, a nationality, rather than generically referring to any group of people)
Atha'an Miere - The Sea Folk
avende - tree
Avendesora - the Tree of Life
Avendoraldera - (the seedling of Avendesora)
Baijan'm'hael - Attack Leader
Be'lal - The Envious
cadin'sor (Aiel) - workclothes (eventually came to mean the standard Aiel clothing)
cair - gold; golden
cal - red
Caldazar - the Red Eagle of Manetheren
calichniye - welcome
car (Aiel) - chief
car'a'carn (Aiel) - Chief of Chiefs
Cha Faile - The Falcon's Talon
chalinda - sweet girl
Cor Darei (Aiel) - Night Spears
Corenne (Seanchan) - The Return
cour'souvra - mindtrap
covale (Seanchan) - property (usu. short for da'covale)
cuendillar - heartstone
Cyndane - Last Chance
da'covale (Seanchan) - Those Who Are Property
Da'shain Aiel - (original name for the Aiel; defenition of da'shain largely unknown, but 'shain (as in gai'shain) implies "sworn to peace".)
Nae'blis - (The highest among the Dark One's followers, who shall rule only a step below him on the Day of Return)
nar'baha - fool
ordeith - wormwood
osan'gar - left-hand sha'je dagger
rahien - dawn
Rahien Sorei (Aiel) - Dawn Runners
Rhyagelle (Seanchan) - Those Who Come Home
sa'angreal - (as an angreal, an instrument used to augment the amount of the One Power a channeler can draw upon; yet as much more powerful than an angreal as an angreal is to unaided channeling)
saa - (black flecks in the eyes of a Dreadlord who draws more of the True Power than is healthy)
saidar - the female half of the True Source
saidin - the male half of the True source
Sammael - Destroyer of Hope
sei - eye
Sei'cair - Goldeneyes
sei'mosiev (Seanchan) - downcast eyes
sei'taer (Seanchan) - straight eyes
Seia Doon (Aiel) - Black Eyes
serenla - stubborn daughter
sha'je - (an extremely deadly dueling sport known in the Age of Legends)
Sha'mad Conde (Aiel) - Thunder Walkers
shadar - Shadow
Shadar Logoth - The Place Where the Shadow Waits; Shadow's Waiting
Shadar Nor - Cutter/Slicer of the Shadow
Shae'en M'taal (Aiel) - Stone Dogs
Shaidar Haran - Hand of the Dark/Shadow
Shaiel (Aiel) - The Woman Who is Dedicated
Shen an Calhar - The Band of the Red Hand
siswai'aman (Aiel) - Spears of the Dragon (implies ownership)
so'jhin (Seanchan) - hereditary upper servants of the Blood
souvra - mind
Sovin Nai (Aiel) - Knife Hands
sul'dam (Seanchan) - Holder of the Leash
T'ingshen - Treebrother
Tai'daishar - Lord of Glory
Tai'shar - True Blood (customarily followed by the name of a land; "Tai'shar Manetheren" = True Blood of Manetheren)
Tain Shari (Aiel) - True Bloods
ta'maral'ailen - Web of Destiny
Tarmon Gai'don - The Last Battle
ta'veren - (person who is a focus in the Great Weave of the Wheel of Time)
tel'aran'rhiod - the Unseen World; the World of Dreams
ter'angreal - a device from the Age of Legends designed to use the One Power for a certain function
tia avende alantin - Brother to the Trees; Treebrother
toh (Aiel) - duty; obligation
Tsorovan'm'hael - Storm Leader
Tuatha'an - the Traveling People, Tinkers
Certain words I have come across which I cannot even guess the meanings of: conje, choss, M'jinn, Tsag, Bajad drovja!, dornat, cueran, sofar, tcheran (all from Book Six); kjasic (from Book Seven); sha'rah, nori (from Book Eight).
"Carai an Caldazar!" - "For the honor of the Red Eagle!"
"Carai an Ellisande! Al Ellisande!" - "For the Honor of the Rose of the Sun! The Rose of the Sun!"
"Deyeniye, dyu ninte concion ca'lyet ye." - "Majesty, by your summons do I come."
"Dovie'andi se tovya sagain." - "It's time to roll the dice."
"Dovienya. Mia dovienya nesodhin soende." - "Luck. (Sentence unknown)."
"Kiserai ti Wansho!" - "Glory to the Builders!"
"Kiserai ti Wansho hei." - "Always glory to the builders."
"Kodome calichniye ga ni Aes Sedai hei." - Here is always a welcome for Aes Sedai."
"Los! Los caba'drin!" - "Forward! Forward horsemen!"
"Mia ayende, Aes Sedai! Caballein misain ye! Inde muagdhe Aes Sedai misain ye! Mia ayende!" - "Release me, Aes Sedai! I am a free man, Aes Sedai! I am no Aes Sedai meat! Release me!"
"Muad'drin tia dar allende caba'drin rhiadem! Los Valdar Cuebiyari! Los! Carai an Caldazar! Al Caldazar!" - "Footmen prepare to pass cavalry forward! Forward the Heart Guard! Forward! For the Honor of the Red Eagle! The Red Eagle!"
"Ninte calichniye no domashita, Agelmar Dai Shan." - "Your welcome warms me, Lord Agelmar."
"Nosane iro gavane domorakoshi, Diynen'd'ma'purvene?" - "What language do we speak, Hornsounder?" (lit., "Speak we what language, Sounder of the Horn?")
"Sa souvraya niende misain ye." - "I am lost in my own mind."
"Sene sovya caba'donde ain dovienya." - "Luck is a horse to ride like any other."
"Suravye ninto manshima taishite, Dai Shan." - "Peace favor your sword, Dai Shan."
"Tia mi aven Moridin isainde vadin." - "The grave is no bar to my call."
"Tsingu ma choba." - "You honor (me/us)."
(Uncertainty: Loial says it, which implies me, yet the phrase below shows 'choshih' in such a case. On the other hand, the Shienaran responding says 'You honor us.' immediately after. It is possible that a typographical error placed the phrase in the wrong paragraph.)
"Tsingu ma choshih, T'ingshen." - "You honor me, Treebrother."